ISEM researchers collaborate with many African colleagues (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Senegal, Cameroon, Guinea, Togo, Gabon, Zambia, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Reunion, Madagascar), in accordance with their geographical, linguistic and diplomatic proximity. In North Africa, our most far-reaching partnership involves Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco, with a view to gaining greater insight into the functioning and preservation of local wetlands. We also have many collaborations under way in sub-Saharan Africa on a broad range of issues. In Gabon, we work closely with the International Centre for Medical Research in Franceville (CIRMF), a company that manages the Lékédi Wildlife Park (SODEPAL), and the Masuku University of Science and Technology (USTM). We conduct health ecology, behavioural ecology and primatology research with these partners. Moreover, we are conducting long-term research In collaboration with the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa, combining ecology, physiology and genetics on the adaptive response of rodent species to the increasingly arid conditions in southern Africa.